I would like to list a few of the most common Learning Disabilities that affect a good number of school age children. It is important for teachers and parents to understand these so as not to add to the frustration that these children experience in the classroom or at home.
Dyslexia is a disability that is defined as a difficulty with words. It is derived from two Latin words; “Dys” loosely defined as difficulty and “Lexia or Lexis” loosely defined as words. Experts on the subject agree that dyslexia is a “Perception” related difficulty. Many believe that it is actually “The Gift of Perception” but when poorly understood becomes a liability. Students with dyslexia perceive two dimension images or surfaces as three dimension. Here is where the problem exist; virtually all printed or written materials are in two D. As Dyslexics look at 2D images they see 3D and this causes them to perceive written materials wrongly.
For reasons not completely understood, the brains of individuals with dyslexia confuses the way letters and words are visualized. Numerous reversals, inversions and mirror images occur. This often interferes in the ability to put things in proper sequential order. In school, math, spelling, handwriting, and reading are all subject areas that require order. In oral language, reversals can also surface in the speech patterns where words are expressed in the wrong sequence.
It is important to clarify that Dyslexia is not a result of vision problems. However, it is important to have vision checked as a first step in evaluating a child with a reading problem. The vision of children with dyslexia is usually normal and if there is a problem with their vision it can easily be corrected with perspective lenses, this does not remove the basic disability non the less.. If dyslexia is present the symptoms remain after the vision is corrected.
The intelligence of people with dyslexia is not also to be questioned. Students with dyslexia are often will often be labelled as dumb. Stupid, lazy, unmotivated. In reality they are very intelligent and creative individuals. Measures used to measures used to evaluate for dyslexia reveal that it occurs in individuals of average to superior intelligence. They just perceive the world differently.
Listed here are some of the symptoms of dyslexia. It is important to exercise caution in considering these symptoms because young children especially in preschool learning to read and write often exhibit letter reversals. But by the end of grade one or grade two at the latest, letter reversals will be minimized or completely eliminated as the children master reading and writing.
To get further understanding of Dyslexia, I refer readers to the movie, “Like Stars on Earth” (an Indian Movie)
OBSERVABLE TRAITES THAT MAY INDICATE DYSLEXIA
- Letter Reversals are common.
- Letters and words may be placed out of sequence
- Words are frequently omitted in writing
- Handwriting is very poor
- Confusion with tracking (reading from left to right or up down)
- Words on the page wiggle, move, and tremble of the page which makes tracking and keeping one’s place on the page difficult.
- Memorization is difficult
- Concept of time, such as yesterday and tomorrow are confused.
- Gross and fine motto control are awkward and clumsy
- Finding appropriate words is difficult. A word can be on the tip of the tongue and yet the child cannot recall it.